Sunday, April 11, 2010

Palimpsest

This book had been on my radar ever since I read Nymeth's thoughtful review last summer (It went on my wishlist the moment I read that it reminded her of Mirrormask, which I adore). And then at WorldCon in Montreal, I attended a panel discussion in which Catherynne Valente participated. Her comments were insightful and very interesting, and they made me doubly interested to read Palimpsest, which was jokingly described as a novel about a sexually transmitted city. The library where I work had not ordered it, so I emailed collection management, but I was told that sadly, we did not have enough funding because of recent budget cuts. And even now that the novel has been nominated for a Hugo award, we still are unable to order it for my library system. So (shocking, I know) I bought myself a copy of the book!

And what an intriguing, lovely, bittersweet novel it is. The concept is that there is a mysterious, hidden city known as Palimpsest. In order to get there, you have to have a map - or a piece of one. The maps are tattoos, and only those with tattoos can travel there - and even then, only when they are asleep. In order to get a tattoo, you must have sex with someone who already has a map - and then you get your own, only it will be for a different part of the city. You can only go to those parts of the city that are on your map - or the maps of the people you sleep with. Yes, it is bizarre, bizarre and dreamlike - particularly the prose of the sections that are set in Palimpsest - but the ornate, baroque writing style suits those sections perfectly.

Our story focuses on four different people: a young Japanese girl who is obsessed with trains, a locksmith in New York City who is haunted by the ghost of his long-dead sister, a bookbinder whose marriage has unraveled, and a beekeeper who has withdrawn from the world. Each of these people is searching for something in their lives, but it is only when they discover Palimpsest that they gain a new perspective.

The plot focuses on each of these characters' points of view, alternating from one to the next in a nearly third-person narrative. I say "nearly" because the narrator has a voice of its own, referring to itself occasionally, and, through the course of the narrative, becomes a character in its own right. The story is skillfully woven through these various narratives, some set in the "real" world, others set in the dreamlike Palimpsest. The characters are gradually revealed in such complexity, with all their flaws, their hopes and dreams, that I came to care a great deal about every one of them as the story progressed. The book explores compelling themes and ideas: the nature of reality, relationships, death, power, solitude - even immigration.

It is fascinating to see how different characters react to the existence of such a city, and the way in which sex is often used as a means to an end - with varying results in the lives of those who long (or dread) to return there. Palimpsest is by no means a lovely fairytale world, though - there is sadness, violence and heartbreak, just as in our world, yet there is a vivid sense of wonder, despite the grotesqueness and cruelty of many of its inhabitants.

Here are some of my favorite passages, just to give an idea of Valente's impressive use of language to convey the dark, dreamlike world of Palmpsest.

One of the train stations:

The ceiling of Colophon Station is unpainted, for it was the desire of the architect, whose name was long ago buried under a black quoin, that passersby become aware in the most piquant way that they have passed underground. Therefore the roof of Colophon is planted over with flame-colored ginger flowers, whose thick golden roots reach down thirstily into the interior, and any traveler may look up and see only earth and straining roots, and the wonderful smell of it penetrates the skin for days afterward.
The traditions and culture of the city:

For obvious reasons, the manufacture of ladders is a highly prized skill in this part of Palimpsest. It is a holy profession, each rung is possessed of spiritual significance. The first is the Rung of Honest Labor, and the last is the Rung of the Salt of Heaven. Between, each ladderer may stack his own path. If a rung should break, then bad luck infects the household, and at least one child must be adopted out to avert disaster. These are called Little Rungs, and tend to be swapped from house to house in a rough circle through the Aviary, as the quality of local laddery is never so great that they will not eventually return home.
There was a great and terrible war in Palimpsest, and the veterans as well as the ill and infirm are taken to the sea in the hopes of improving their health:
Each evening the hopelessly ill are brought in gauzy palanquins to view the moonrise, and all applaud the appearance of its white disc over the water. The wind is considered to have such restorative power that surgery is performed on the each, anesthesia administered by waifish women with hair like spun sugar, who close their mouths over the ailing and breathe the vapors of their crystalline hearts into weakened lungs.

Ermenegilde has been a patient here since the war ended. She is a charity case; her reassignment went poorly and she was rendered useless for the field. She has bled from her wounds every day for twelve years. Bluebells drape her palanquin: the veteran-flower Medical gauze swathes her face in long bridal veils. All agree that if not for her mouth, she would be now a great dowager-beauty. But there is her mouth, it remains, and cannot be denied.
Palmipsest reminded me of Mirrormask, too (Dave McKean's art as well as Neil Gaiman's other works), and also, in various ways, of other writers and artists that I love: H.P. Lovecraft, Italo Calvino, Patricia McKillip, the artwork of Nicoletta Ceccoli, M.C. Escher and Salvador Dali - to name just a few. The novel offers much food for thought, and while the overt sexual nature of much of the book may not appeal to some readers, that is only a small part of the areas it explores. It challenges readers to view their world - and their conceptions of things - in new and different ways. I am not at all surprised that Palimpsest has been nominated for a Hugo award - it is an impressive, thought-provoking, moving novel, one of my favorite reads of this year - and definitely the most memorable.

Palimpsest by Catherynne M. Valente (Bantam Books, 2009)

Also reviewed at:
Jenny's Books: "The history of Palimpsest unfolds slowly, with the stories coming to us from many different characters. I like how it begins to fit together carefully, like puzzle pieces..."
Things Mean a Lot: "But as much as I loved the world of this novel, it was the characters that sucked me in: their loneliness, their humanity, how much their stories made me feel."

14 comments:

  1. I've heard this is a wonderful book... and you've supported this in a very nice review. Thanks!

    Would you put it in a dark fantasy classification?

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  2. I loved the lists that the one character makes - ack, I've forgotten her name! The beekeeper. November? I like her lists, and particularly the one she makes at the end, things that are full of grace: "We are....we are so full of it that we shine."

    (Something like that.)

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  3. I started this book last year, but things got in the way. I really must try and read it this year!

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  4. Shellie - I think it would qualify as dark fantasy - it certainly borders on horror in parts of the book. It is a hard book to categorize, really - which I guess is one of the things I enjoyed about it!

    Jenny - Oh, I loved November, too. I think she was my favorite, although I was interested in all the characters and their stories. Her lists were fabulous - I should have included some - and the final list was lovely.

    Kailana - It does start out slowly, and I could see that if you put it down too soon, it might be easy not to pick it back up right away. But once you get into it, I think you'll be riveted. I hope you manage to get to it this year!

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  5. I do believe you have just hit my Achilles heel -- if this novel reminds you at all of Patricia McKillip, it now means I must read it. Hiking up Mount TBR in order to find it...

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  6. Uh-oh - I can feel the TBR karma headed my way...

    :-)

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  7. Ha! Did you see my review of Mac Barnett's latest "librarians are awesome" book? Payback! :P

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  8. Kiirstin - Oh, no! I am so far behind on my blog reader, but I'll be by soon (knowing in advance the karma's lying in wait to pounce). :-)

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  9. I've got this on my list to read this year. I loved Valente's Orphan's Tales books. Her language and her imagery are so unique (sometimes downright weird) and vivid. Thanks for wonderful excerpts in your review!

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  10. Fuzzycricket - I've placed a hold at my library on the first Orphan's Tales volume, and I'm looking forward to reading it. Glad to hear you enjoyed it. And I just found out that she has the entire text on her website of a YA book that is referred to in Palimpsest!

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  11. I heard about this book a while back and have been intrigued by its premise ever since. You've written a wonderful and succinct review which makes me want to read it even more!

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  12. Chasingbawa - Wow, thanks for the kind words! I felt it was so difficult to do this book justice - there is so much there that I didn't even touch on. But if you liked what you heard, I think you'll enjoy the book. I'll be interested to hear what you think!

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  13. I was already intrigued by Nymeth's review, but now you have sold it to me! I'm heading to the library this week for it! Excellent review, thanks :)

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  14. Mariel - Oh, I think you're going to love it! I'm reading another book by this author right now, and I'm loving it, too. I love discovering a new favorite author!

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